DIY Get Notifications on Your Phone When Your Mail is Delivered


ESP-01 Programming Circuit
Mailbox Sensor Circuit

The code below is for connecting your sensor to IFTTT.

// IFTTT SMS Version of the Code
// All of the following includes are for WIFI
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClientSecure.h>
#include <WiFiManager.h>         // https://github.com/tzapu/WiFiManager

// MQTT IOT Includes
#include <IFTTTWebhook.h>

const char* ifttt_key = "7hWCwDwmUGOrCCGdM_VGh";
const char* ifttt_event_name = "MailboxDelivered";

WiFiClientSecure client;

const char* host = "maker.ifttt.com";
// current fingerprint can be found on a *nix system with the following command
// echo | openssl s_client -connect maker.ifttt.com:443 |& openssl x509 -fingerprint -noout
const char fingerprint[] PROGMEM = "AA 75 CB 41 2E D5 F9 97 FF 5D A0 8B 7D AC 12 21 08 4B 00 8C";
const String url = String("/trigger/") + ifttt_event_name + "/with/key/" + ifttt_key;
const int httpsPort = 443;

// enable reading battery voltage
ADC_MODE(ADC_VCC);

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  Serial.begin(115200); // Starts the serial communication

  // Connect to WiFi
  Serial.print("\n\nConnecting Wifi... ");
  WiFiManager wifiManager;
  // uncomment the next line to clear all saved settings
  //wifiManager.resetSettings();
  wifiManager.autoConnect("MailboxSensorSetup");

  // Connected
  Serial.print("My Wifi IP is: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());

  // main code
  // trigger webhook
  Serial.println("connecting to IFTTT");
  Serial.print("connecting to ");
  Serial.println(host);
  client.setFingerprint(fingerprint);
  if (!client.connect(host, httpsPort)) {
    Serial.println("connection failed");
    return;
  }

  if (client.verify(fingerprint, host)) {
    Serial.println("certificate matches");
  } else {
    Serial.println("certificate doesn't match");
  }

  // for a trustfire 14500 I want to send myself a low battery warning @ just under 3.5 volts.
  Serial.print("Read VCC: ");
  Serial.println(ESP.getVcc());

  client.print(String("POST ") + url + " HTTP/1.1\r\n" +
             "Host: " + host + "\r\n" +
             "User-Agent: ESP8266Mailbox\r\n" +
             "Connection: close\r\n\r\n");

  Serial.println("request sent");
  while (client.connected()) {
    String line = client.readStringUntil('\n');
    if (line == "\r") {
      Serial.println("headers received");
      break;
    }
  }
  String line = client.readStringUntil('\n');
  if (line.startsWith("{\"state\":\"success\"")) {
    Serial.println("esp8266/Arduino CI successfull!");
  } else {
    Serial.println("esp8266/Arduino CI has failed");
  }
  Serial.println("reply was:");
  Serial.println("==========");
  Serial.println(line);
  Serial.println("==========");
  Serial.println("closing connection");
  
  Serial.println("Triggered event, going to sleep");
  //deep sleep until reset
  ESP.deepSleep(0);  
}

void loop() {
}
// MQTT/Home Assistant Version of the Code
// All of the following includes are for WIFI
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClientSecure.h>
#include <WiFiManager.h>         // https://github.com/tzapu/WiFiManager

// MQTT IOT Includes
#include <PubSubClient.h>

// MQTT config
#define MQTT_SERV "YOUR MQTT IP ADDRESS"
#define MQTT_PORT 1883
#define MQTT_NAME "YOUR MQTT USER"
#define MQTT_PASS "YOUR MQTT PASS"
#define MQTT_VOLT_TOPIC "stat/mailbox/voltage"
#define MQTT_OPENED_TOPIC "stat/mailbox/opened"

WiFiClient client;
PubSubClient pubclient(MQTT_SERV, MQTT_PORT, client);

// enable reading battery voltage
ADC_MODE(ADC_VCC);

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  Serial.begin(115200); // Starts the serial communication

  // Connect to WiFi
  Serial.print("\n\nConnecting Wifi... ");
  WiFiManager wifiManager;
  // uncomment the next line to clear all saved settings
  //wifiManager.resetSettings();
  wifiManager.autoConnect("MailboxSensorSetup");

  // Connected
  Serial.print("My Wifi IP is: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());

  // main code
  // for a trustfire 14500 I want to send myself a low battery warning @ just under 3.5 volts.
  Serial.print("Read VCC: ");
  Serial.println(ESP.getVcc());
  MQTT_connect();

  //because I don't understand C++ varables!
  String strVoltage = String(ESP.getVcc());
  char voltage[5];
  strVoltage.toCharArray(voltage, 5);
  
  pubclient.publish(MQTT_VOLT_TOPIC, voltage);
  pubclient.publish(MQTT_OPENED_TOPIC, "OPENED");
  //the publish commands actually run async, so let's give them a few seconds to resolve before going to sleep.
  delay(10000);
  
  Serial.println("Triggered event, going to sleep");
  //deep sleep until reset
  ESP.deepSleep(0);  
}

void loop() {
}

String macToStr(const uint8_t* mac)
{
  String result;
  for (int i = 0; i < 6; ++i) {
    result += String(mac[i], 16);
    if (i < 5)
      result += ':';
  }
  return result;
}

void MQTT_connect() 
{
  // Stop if already connected.
  if (pubclient.connected()) 
  {
    return;
  }

  Serial.print("Connecting to MQTT... ");

  // Generate client name based on MAC address and last 8 bits of microsecond counter
  String clientName;
  clientName += "esp8266-";
  uint8_t mac[6];
  WiFi.macAddress(mac);
  clientName += macToStr(mac);
  clientName += "-";
  clientName += String(micros() & 0xff, 16);

  Serial.print("Connecting to ");
  Serial.print(MQTT_SERV);
  Serial.print(" as ");
  Serial.println(clientName);
  
  if (pubclient.connect((char*) clientName.c_str(), MQTT_NAME, MQTT_PASS)) {
    Serial.println("Connected to MQTT broker");
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("MQTT connect failed");
    Serial.println("Will reset and try again...");
    abort();
  }

  Serial.println("MQTT Connected!");
}

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